“You can feel the pressure on your chest’’ (Maine)
Sep 2, 2010
“Maine wind farm not soothing to all ears; Turbines’ sounds have town divided”
—Brian MacQuarrie, The Boston Globe (8/30/10)
VINALHAVEN, Maine—Three white wind turbines, their 124-foot blades stretching 39 stories high, churn out more electricity than is used on this picturesque, pine-studded island off mid-coast Maine. Some residents call them objects of graceful art, others point to lower utility bills, and the environmentally conscious hail the benefits of clean energy.
But to some families living near the land-bound turbines, which began spinning in November, the blades signify something else.
“That noise is so insidious that you can feel it,’’ said David Wylie, 62, a transplant from Concord, Mass., who has owned property on the island since 1992. “I didn’t come up to Vinalhaven to live next to a dishwasher.’’
Instead of a win-win mix of green power and continued tranquility, Wylie and other critics said, the turbines have brought chest-thumping noise, questionable cost savings, and frustrating stonewalling from wind farm managers who reject their claims of night-rattling sound.
“It feels like we’re the guinea pigs for an experiment in public policy,’’ said Alan Farago, 56, a summer resident of Vinalhaven who also lives in Coral Gables, Fla.
The complaints have stoked a running argument with the Fox Islands Electric Cooperative, a ratepayer-owned entity that operates what is the largest coastal wind farm in New England. And they have fallen on deaf ears among most of the island’s 1200 year-round residents, who are seeing an average annual savings of $300 in their electric bills, according to the cooperative.
In July 2008, ratepayers voted, 383 to 5, to endorse the wind farm. That near-unanimous majority included many of today’s critics, who backed the effort despite its proximity to homes and families. The 130-turbine Cape Wind project in Massachusetts, by contrast, provoked a storm of controversy even though the offshore project is planned to be built 5 miles from Cape Cod.
“I love them,’’ Casey Martin, 20, said of the turbines. “I caretake for a bunch of homes around there, and you can’t even hear them unless you’re listening for it. To me, it’s a relaxing, whooshing sound.’’
“It doesn’t bother me none,’’ said George Gross, a 51-year-old lobsterman, as he worked on the harbor a couple of miles from the wind farm.
Charles Farrington, the cooperative’s general manager, asserted that the turbines comply with the state’s maximum noise limit of 45 decibels at night and 55 decibels during the day, or roughly the level of quiet to normal conversation.
“The project is working out great,’’ Farrington said. “We’ve had measuring equipment up there since the beginning.’’
On one recent morning, the turbines rotated slowly in a gentle breeze, generating only a slight, pulsating sound that seemed more innocuous than intrusive. But this snapshot, said Art Lindgren, who lives about a half-mile away, is an anomaly. The previous night, when a strong storm raked the island, the sound of the turbines was an aggressive intruder at his hand-built home, Lindgren said.
The noise, Farago said, is a three-headed monster: There’s a whir, there’s a whoosh, and there’s a pulse like the bass from an annoying car radio.
“I think we were all sold a bill of goods and hoodwinked into doing this,’’ said Lindgren, 64, a retired software consultant who dashes outdoors at least twice a week to measure noise levels with self-bought equipment.
Lindgren said he has recorded 49 decibels on his porch. In sound measurement, every 10 decibels represents a 10-fold increase.
“You can feel the pressure on your chest,’’ said Lindgren’s wife, Cheryl, as she thumped a hand against her body. “In the winter, it makes the hair on your head stand up. People say, ‘Why don’t you just move?’ No, I’m going to fight.’’
The neighbors are fighting back with their own measurements, more than a dozen complaints filed with the state, and the services of an attorney.
So far, Farrington countered, the $15 million project has met its obligations, both environmentally and aesthetically, for an island where electric rates were nearly double the mainland costs before the turbines began turning.
George Baker, the chief executive officer of Fox Islands Wind, which developed and financed the project, said the controversy has pitted neighbor against neighbor and raised costs for the cooperative because of the labor-intensive investigations that follow each complaint.
“It’s very frustrating,’’ said Baker, a Harvard Business School professor. “We are absolutely in compliance.’’
Project managers are collecting a year’s worth of noise data, scheduled to conclude in December, to measure whether the wind farm’s predictions were correct.
“If it should prove the case that the model is wrong,’’ Baker said, “we will simply make operational adjustments to fix it. We are totally committed to being within the state guidelines.’’
In a country looking to decrease its dependence on imported fossil fuels, Maine is a regional leader in wind power, with 111 turbines spread among six sites from Vinalhaven to far-north Aroostook County.
In a state where 75 percent of the homes are heated by oil, the promotion of clean energy has been a priority of Governor John Baldacci. “Maine’s wind power resource is among the best in New England, and there is tremendous potential out there to develop offshore wind,’’ said David Farmer, Baldacci’s deputy chief of staff.
“The overarching goals are to achieve energy independence to the largest extent,’’ said Andrew Fisk, bureau director of land and water quality for the Maine Department of Environmental Protection.
But for the critics on Vinalhaven, the public benefits of wind power have become a private curse.
“We were told we wouldn’t hear them,’’ said Wylie, a special projects coordinator for Babson College in Wellesley, Mass., who telecommutes from Vinalhaven. “To what extent do you sacrifice a few for the greater good?’’
His wife, Sally, had another take: “We just want our lives back.’’